An Indian bride looks resplendent in her wedding jewelry. It is the most important part of the overall attire of the blushing bride. Jewellery styles and preferences vary in different Indian states. Bridal jewellery is a lot dependent on the particular traditions and customs that are associated with the respective culture of the region. But there are some distinct bridal jewellery types that are more or less uniform for a bride belonging to any part of India. There is a common belief that the bridal look is only complete when each and every piece of the jewellery meant for a bride is worn by her.
Currently a lot of urban Indian brides are found to prefer wearing innovative designer jewellery that is markedly different from the traditional style. There are also great variations that have emerged from fusion of eastern and western style of jewellery designing. Budget is the primary deciding factor the bridal jewelry. Depending on it, some people are found to opt for silver, white gold, platinum or diamond jewelry. One can find enchanting designs in ruby, emerald, jade, amethyst, garnet and pearl.
As said in the earlier line, the type of bridal jewellery depends on the region of the country that the bride is coming from, but given below are the basic types of jewelleryitems that adorn the Indian bride on her wedding day.
Shringar – Also known as shringar patti, it is a variation of tiara which is usually in gold. It is worn on her forehead and placed along her hairline. There is a circular plaque at the center that hangs on the forehead.
Manag – Maang tika is a shortened version of the elaborate shringar patti. The central piece is attached with a string on one end and a hook on the other. The bride wears it in the central parting of her hair.
The Bridal Set – This comprises of the necklace and earring. This is the major defining part of the bridal outfit. The design is pretty elaborate and is a heavy jewellery that is chosen after taking into account the bridal dress, its color and the over all bridal look. The heavy neckpiece can come in pure gold, or precious stone set in gold or diamond that is accompanied with matching earrings.
Nath – This is the nose ring. It is an important part of the bridal attire and is a studded nose ring, which has a long chain attached to it. The chain is hooked in the hair that is above the ear of the bride.
Churi – These are a set of bangles that can be of gold or glass. It completes the married look and can be of different materials depending on the region that the bride belongs to. In Punjabi weddings for example, the bride wears ivory bangles that are red and white in colour, called the chura. In Bengali weddings again, the bride wears a red coral and a white conch shell bangle, an essential attire of a married woman.
Haathphool – This is a bracelet with rings attached to it. It adorns the wrist and fingers of the bride.
Anguthi – No wedding is complete without the anguthi. She wears an engagement ring on the left finger of her left hand and one or more other rings in her other fingers.
Bicchua – This toe ring is very important in many states of India.
Payal – Also known as pajeb, it adorns the ankle of the bride and displays some excellent meenakari or kundan work or even beads.
Mangal Sutra – This necklace with black beads with a gold or diamond pendant is a mark of complete bridal look. It is tied by the groom on the bride’s neck and symbolizes union.
The other jewellery items are the Kamarband and Baajuband. They are the waist band and arm bands respectively. These are basically optional items and are usually heritage items.
[ Source :- Indiaparenting ]