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The Pope and Mussolini

Mussolini to opowieść o dwóch ludziach którzy w tym samym 1922 roku sięgnęli po władzę i zmienili bieg XX wieku Kiedy w 2006 roku otwarto tajne archiwa Watykanu a cenne źródła ujrzały światło dzienne możliwe było wreszcie wyjaśnienie co połączyło te dwie postaci i jakie były tego skutki Obrazu dopełniają grube teczki faszystowskiej policji dokumentujące tajemnice i skandale opisane w raportach donosicieli działających za murami Watykan. Italian history and the rise of fascism is not a part of history with which I am familiar Author Kertzer s massive research reveals the manipulations Pope Pius XI and Mussolini engaged in to bring Italy into WWII on the side of the Nazis The early 20th century brought the two together over their great fear of communismliberalismJewsProtestantismMasons just to name a few I am neither a Catholic nor a participant of an organized religion so I was amazed at the layers of Catholic government and the Vatican s ruling class The back biting and in fighting resembled a middle school student council Pope Pius eventually found himself on a runaway train unable to redirect the scourge of anti semitism and at the end of his life he felt deep failure of his dealings Hopefully his belief in forgiveness led him through the pearly gatesThis is not a light read but extremely detailed and thorough The Italian names can be very confusing and by the end I completely lost the ability to keep them straight But for those who are interested in historical fact this book is supreme Deserving of it s Pulitzer

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UAnaliza źródeł niezbędnych do napisania niniejszej książki zajęła autorowi siedem lat Przejrzał dwadzieścia pięć tysięcy stron dokumentów Przebrnął przez niezliczone tomy odtajnionej korespondencji włoskich francuskich brytyjskich amerykańskich i niemieckich dyplomatów przeczytał dzienniki i pamiętniki I jak sam przyznał – opracowanie tych wszystkich materiałów i „rozwiązanie starych łamigłówek było zadaniem wprost porywającym?. The Pope and Mussolini is David Kertzer s fascinating account of the secret dealings between the Italian dictator and Pius XIThese were uncomfortable bedfellows Mussolini had shown no signs in his early career of wanting to revive the Catholic Church s fortunes in fact as he started off as a socialist the opposite was true His fascist lackeys had also spent much time beating up and terrorising hostile priestsPius XI also showed no great personal enthusiasm for Il Duce and his cult of personality but he was prepared to compromise himself and the Church in exchange for a boost to its fortunesMussolini created the Vatican State to give the Pope extra status and revived the Roman Catholic Church s role in civic life from the courtroom to the classroom Protestant books were suppressed girls in gym lessons were made to dress demurelyIn return Mussolini got than just silent compliance from the Catholic Church Its backing gave his regime legitimacy and helped Mussolini entrench himself as dictatorAnd there is clear evidence of direct collaboration between Church and regime against what both saw as common enemies Protestants communists and crucially and shamefully JewsPius XI did have ualms about some of the antisemitic laws Mussolini pursued He had deep misgivings about the pagan inclined Hitler but he still saw the Jewish community as a threat to the Catholic Church His opposition was sophistry than substanceAnd Kertzer shows there was a significant strand of antisemitism in the higher echelons of the Church Indeed the Church was far from wedded to democracy Mussolini s authoritarianism had an appeal to a clergy that believed in absolute obedienceThis is a meticulously researched and fast paced account with a large cast of characters Kertzer lays to rest the suggestion that Pius XI bravely resisted fascism There were signs towards the end of his life that private disuiet about antisemitic laws would turn to public opposition But we ll never know how that might have ended as his death brought the election of Pius XII an even complicit prop for the FascistsThe uality of Kertzer s research justifies his Pulitzer It s not his fault that the recent sex abuse scandals has reduced the shock value of a Catholic establishment prepared to put the interests of the Church ahead of what s morally right Jewish Life early career of wanting to revive the Catholic Church s fortunes in fact as he started off as a socialist the opposite was true His fascist lackeys had also spent much time beating up and terrorising hostile priestsPius XI also showed no great personal Sex Toys 101 enthusiasm for Il Duce and his cult of personality but he was prepared to compromise himself and the Church in The Joy in Business exchange for a boost to its fortunesMussolini created the Vatican State to give the Pope Stuffed extra status and revived the Roman Catholic Church s role in civic life from the courtroom to the classroom Protestant books were suppressed girls in gym lessons were made to dress demurelyIn return Mussolini got than just silent compliance from the Catholic Church Its backing gave his regime legitimacy and helped Mussolini Cotas Claim entrench himself as dictatorAnd there is clear The Captured Princess (Taken by Vikings, evidence of direct collaboration between Church and regime against what both saw as common Pamięć - brzemię i uwolnienie. Niemcy wobec nazistowskiej przeszłości (1945-2010) enemies Protestants communists and crucially and shamefully JewsPius XI did have ualms about some of the antisemitic laws Mussolini pursued He had deep misgivings about the pagan inclined Hitler but he still saw the Jewish community as a threat to the Catholic Church His opposition was sophistry than substanceAnd Kertzer shows there was a significant strand of antisemitism in the higher Fakers, Forgers Phoneys echelons of the Church Indeed the Church was far from wedded to democracy Mussolini s authoritarianism had an appeal to a clergy that believed in absolute obedienceThis is a meticulously researched and fast paced account with a large cast of characters Kertzer lays to rest the suggestion that Pius XI bravely resisted fascism There were signs towards the Hearing the Voice of People with Dementia end of his life that private disuiet about antisemitic laws would turn to public opposition But we ll never know how that might have Doing Without Concepts election of Pius XII an Radio Free Europe and the Pursuit of Democracy even complicit prop for the FascistsThe uality of Kertzer s research justifies his Pulitzer It s not his fault that the recent sex abuse scandals has reduced the shock value of a Catholic But I Survived establishment prepared to put the interests of the Church ahead of what s morally right

David I. Kertzer Û 0 Read

Trudno o bardziej odmienne postaci Pius XI spędził większość życia pochylony nad średniowiecznymi manuskryptami Benito Mussolini był zanurzonym w teraźniejszości podżegaczem awanturnikiem i antyklerykałem Istniały jednak i podobieństwa Obaj mieli wybuchowy temperament obaj domagali się bezwarunkowego posłuszeństwa i wywoływali u swoich podwładnych strach obaj uważali komunizm za zagrożenie I z czasem docenili znaczenie współpracy Papież i. The result of David Kertzer s research is that there is no longer reason to wonder about the Vatican s position regarding Mussolini and the rise of Fascism This well documented narrative tells how a very limited backward looking authoritarian Pope gave inches and then feet and miles in order as he saw it to protect the churchThere is plenty to show Pope Pius as an enabler to Mussolini It begins his withdrawal of support for the Center Catholic Party which hobbled Mussolini s strongest opposition and left its former members vulnerable While anti clerical Fascist thugs beat up priests Pius complained to Mussolini about how women dress The Pope condemned the Nazi takeover of Austria and the character of the Vienna s archbishop who signed all of Hitler s decrees as Pope Pius had essentially done for Mussolini only to soften his public comments and try to take them back The Vatican was silent in the run up to the Racial Laws and when they were on the horizon the Pope tried to negotiate the weakest of all exceptions It is emblematic that before his great speech where he would finally condemn Fascism he died years later the speech was revealed to be as tepid as all that preceded itThe Pope s supporters might point to the Lateran Accords as an achievement but Kertzer shows how this compromised the Church s integrity and ended its high ground Pius XI s worst legacy may have been the elevation of those who would bend to his will This led to the election of his successor Eugenio Pacelli sycophant to the end who took the name Pius XII This election thrilled Fascists and Nazis alikeWhile it is not the focus of this book King Victor Emmanuel similarly fails the Italian people He signs every bill Mussolini gives him When the Racial Laws go into effect worried about his health he has his Nazi son in law from Germany plead an exception for the his physicianThe author spent 7 years sifting through documents I was surprised at the anti Semitic statements in church newsletters and clerical speeches that surely had been available prior to the 2006 opening of the Vatican s pre war archives The Author s Note on the resources indicates how much information is there to mine Hopefully someone will write on Mussolini s surveillance system organizational behavior in the Vatican and the rise of Pius XII for the general readerKertzer has accomplished his goal p 411 of writing a book not only for experts but also those who know little of this history I highly recommend it for anyone interested in this period


10 thoughts on “The Pope and Mussolini

  1. says:

    Kertzer shows how the relationship between Pope Pius XI and Benito Mussolini played into the rise of Fascism and anti Semitism Mussolini demanded absolute power and the pope demanded a dominant position for the Church Both men were headstrong adversaries who cooperated as needed Both sacrificed principle to achieve their goals Their fears desires deals and surrounding intrigues would weigh heavily on Italy’s fate particularly th

  2. says:

    The result of David Kertzer’s research is that there is no longer reason to wonder about the Vatican’s position regarding Mussolini and the rise of Fascism This well documented narrative tells how a very limited backward looking authoritarian Pope gave inches and then feet and miles in order as he saw it to protect th

  3. says:

    The Pope and Mussolini by David Kertzer won the Pulitzer Prize for Biography in 2014To be clear this book does not really fit cleanly into the biography genre it is history There are no backstories of Mussolini

  4. says:

    I highly recommend this book for serious history buffs who read a lot of nonfiction and enjoy a high level of detail about t

  5. says:

    Italian history and the rise of fascism is not a part of history with which I am familiar Author Kertzer’s massive research reveals the manipu

  6. says:

    In The Pope and Mussolini David Kertzer informs the reader that while the deceased Pius XI was lying state in February 1939 Benito Mussolini chose to visit his mistress Clara Petacci and made love to her not once not three times but twice In other words the book is lurid and in many instances Kertzer chooses to trust some highly sleazy sources Nonetheless despite its rather disreputable approach I am giving the book it four sta

  7. says:

    April 28 20202nd time through this one for a book group discussionHighly readable and informativeAugust 8 2015I won this book through a Goodreads GiveawayI knew nothing about this subject at all but had recently done a concentrated read on WWI so this book picked up close to the end of WWII'm not Catholic so don't know much about

  8. says:

    My first impression of this book surprised me because I felt a glimmer of sympathy for Mussolini for having to deal with such an intractable man as Pius XI That sympathy uickly dissipated under the barrage of Mussolini's Facist policiesUnfortun

  9. says:

    The Pope and Mussolini is David Kertzer's fascinating account of the secret dealings between the Italian dictator and Pius XIThese were uncomfortable bedfellows Mussolini had shown no signs in his early career of wanting to revive the Catholic Church's fortunes in fact as he started off as a socialist the opposite was true His fascist lackeys had also spent much time beating up and terrorising hostile priestsPius XI also showed no

  10. says:

    CAVEAT As I reread this piece it struck me that people might interpret it as anti Catholic It's certainly negative as far as Vatican City and its corrupt operations during the time period involved is concerned which is true to the book under review However like most American Catholics I see a huge gulf between m

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